James Larkin is the founder of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union. James Larkin is an Irish. James was a labor activist and organizer in his country. He was born in Liverpool, England on January 21, 1876. In 1914, James Larkin traveled to the USA. After a short period James was deported back to his country. Being a fervent Marxist, James Larkin continued with his organizing strategies until the year 1940s.
James spent his childhood life in the Liverpool slums. Larkin had an opportunity to acquire a little formal education. In his youth, James Larkin had the responsibility to provide for his family. He worked at various job stations. Eventually, James Larkin became a foreman at the docks in Liverpool. In the Liverpool docks, James had an opportunity to experience the conditions that workers were subjected to during that time. James had a belief that employees in Irish were not treated in a fair manner.
Being a socialist and a protector for the rights of workers, James Larkin joined the National Union of Dock Laborers (NUDL) in 1905. James then became a committed and a full-time organizer in the trade union. After two years, Larkin was given a job transfer to Dublin.
There, James Larkin utilized the little knowledge that he possessed and began his union. He established the Irish Transport and General Worker’s Union. The union’s goal was to bring together both the skilled and unskilled Irish industrial workers to form an organization. Read more: Jim Larkin | Wikipedia and Jim Larkin – Biography
Later, Larkin formed another organization to supplement the union. James Larkin established the Irish Labor Party. This organization was meant to formulate the worker’s strikes whenever their rights were defied. In 1913, the Irish Labor Party was very effective during the Dublin Lockout strike. More than 100,000 workers participated for almost eight months. The workers won their legal right to fair employment with the Party’s help.
In December 1908, James formulated the union’s political program. The program worked in favor of the workers. Each worker was subjected to eight hours’ day of work. Larkin provided that there will be opportunities for work for all unemployed individuals. Also, at 60 years of age, all workers will be provided with pension. Larkin desired a better working condition for the people in Ireland. He thus set up arbitration courts and transport means for the workers’ welfare.
Not only is James Larkin a labor activist but also a family person. Larkin was a husband to Elizabeth Brown and a father to two sons. James Larkin married Elizabeth in 1903.